Cancer is a genetic disease, that effects cell function causing uncontrolled growth of cells. It can be inherited or it can occur throughout a person’s lifetime due to damage to DNA caused by external factors. Normally, cells are constantly dividing and growing in our body. As old cells become damaged, new cells replace them. During this natural process once new cells recognize they have reached their maximum they stop dividing, unfortunately, cancer cells lack this recognition factor and they continue to divide without stopping. In other words, Cancer is like a wound that never heals.
There are hundreds of different types of cancer, the most common are prostate, breast, lung, and colon cancer. Cancer can be benign or malignant. Benign means there is tumor but the tumor does not invade surrounding tissue. Malignant tumor is a tumor that can spread to neighboring tissue and/or organs. Once cancer cells have spread to neighboring organs it is seldom curable. This is known as metastatic cancer.
Early diagnosis is the key for any kind of cancer because it can improve outcomes by providing care as soon as possible in order to prevent progression of disease.